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Different Types of Fabric That You Should Recognize

by Dec 12, 2020Fabrics0 comments

When you find a gorgeous dress, whether online or in person, one of the first questions that cross your mind is usually related to the type of fabric that was used to create it. It is not unusual to find that the language of fabric can be very baffling and misleading. What if the sewing pattern instructs you to use silk or crepe? Take note that one is a fiber type while the other is a type of a weave. If you are just a beginner at sewing or you only knew of a few types of fabric, then here are the important things that you need to consider.

Light to mid-weight cotton describes the fiber type and weight, but it does not describe the weave. Lawn is a specific type of cloth that is made from extensive thread-count yarns. Cotton lawn is quite common, however, there are also other types of lawn, such as linen lawn. Viscose is generally a certain type of fiber, but it includes anything from jersey to upholstery fabric. This gets even more confusing!

It would be a good idea to create a method that can help us in resolving this confusion. What if you want to make a dress that is made out of different types of fabric? Let’s start with something that can fit in a single category, such as viscose upholstery fabric. Is it possible to make a dress out of a viscose upholstery fabric and silk? Absolutely, silk upholstery fabric does exist! Making a dress out of jersey fabric might make the final product look rather large because the fabric will stretch.

The process that we mentioned above is quite difficult to understand, especially if you don’t have enough knowledge about fabrics. That is why, here, we will give you some of the important fabric types that you need to recognize.

List of Fabric and Fiber Types You Need to Recognize


Wool feels quite warm, hairy, and drapes excellently. Take note that this might require some dry cleaning. Since it is warm, it is great for making quality clothes. Wool clothing will need some lining on the inside since this type of material will end up feeling itchy against skin.


Cotton is somewhat sturdy and crispy. At the same time, it can be both woven and knit. However, it does not drape too well just like wool or viscose. It also creases quickly. It’s very easy to care for, making it perfect for everyday clothes. Bear in mind that cotton will likely shrink, which is why it is advisable that you should wash cotton items before using it. Some cotton has elastane on it, making the fabric more stretchable.


Linen has a rustic feel and creases easily. However, it drapes much better compared to cotton, but worse compared to viscose. This is excellent for creating summer garments. Although it can withstand high-temperature ironing, it is much better to iron these types of clothing they are when wet. If you prefer your clothes to remain wrinkle-free, then you should not use linen.

List of Fabric and Fiber Types You Need to Recognize


Silk can give you a luxurious and warm feeling. It also has a clear sheen on it. However, it is often difficult to differentiate silk satin from polyester satin. Keep in mind that silk does not feel as cold compared to polyester, and it is also more costly. Silk often needs to be dry cleaned or hand washed. In order to be sure, you need to check its care instructions before making a purchase!

Also, keep in mind that there are various types of silks. They can vary from tulle to velvet and jersey.


Polyester includes a variety of styles, from suiting to jersey. The best thing about polyester is that it can stand washings and wear excellently. Most of all, it is crease-resistant. It is not as warm as natural fibers and when the weather is hot, it may feel a bit sweaty.

By choosing the right type of polyester, you can create almost any kind of garment using this material. Polyester suiting is excellent for making skirts and trousers, while polyester satin is perfect for making beautiful blouses.


Viscose is also known as rayon. It is somewhat a combination of natural and man-made fabrics because it is created from wood with chemical processes. Although it is not as breathable as wool or cotton, it drapes quite nicely. Viscose has the tendency to shift, so it can be quite challenging to cut it on grain.

Sometimes it is even difficult to identify viscose fabric from extremely soft cotton or polyester. Viscose will shrink after washing and it also feels quite hard when wet. Furthermore, it is heavier compared to cotton or polyester. Although Viscose jersey is a perfect option when making draped tops and dresses.

For your textile needs, you can visit Spandex Warehouse. Just give us a call at 213-629-7416 or send us your message at [email protected]